Race, Ethnicity, and ReportingEarly theories suggested that African Americans were less likely than Whites to report crimes because they held more negative attitudes toward police and did not trust the criminal justice system, preferring to handle their problems on their own. Recent research, however, has resulted in conflicting findings. Some studies continue to support the idea that African Americans and Latinos are less likely to report crimes than Whites, and provide plausible explanations for why this may be true (Maier, 2008). On the other hand, The National Crime Victimization Survey’s study of victimization rates between 2001 and 2005 found that 54.7% of violent crimes against African Americans were reported to police, as compared with 47.7% of violent crimes against White Americans (Harrell, 2007). Some research suggests that reporting behavior varies by type of crime. For example, Latinos may be less likely to report serious assaults than other groups, but more likely to report simple assaults (Rennison, 2010, cited in Zaykowski, 2010). A study of victims of intimate partner violence found that women of color were more likely than White women to call the police after an assault (Akers & Kaukinen, 2009). The differences in reporting behavior by type of crime vary among different cultures and ethnicities in the US, including immigrant communities. For example, some groups may be reluctant to report abuse crimes because it brings shame to the family (Davis, 2013).In this Discussion, you analyze why certain ethnic or immigrant groups may be reluctant to report victimization, and identify possible strategies that might reduce this reluctance. Post by Day 1 a brief description of an ethnic or immigrant population that may be less likely to report victimization. Then explain how race or ethnicity may contribute to the population’s reluctance to report. Finally, explain an outreach program that law enforcement might conduct to promote reporting victimization among ethnic or immigrant populations.One and a half page with at least two references….It is important that you cover all the topics identified in the assignment. Covering the topic does not mean mentioning the topic BUT presenting an explanation from the readings.To get maximum points you need to follow the requirements listed for this assignments 1) look at the page limits 2) review and follow APA rules 3) create SUBHEADINGS to identify the key sections you are presenting and 4) Free from typographical and sentence construction errors. REMEMBER IN APA FORMAT JOURNAL TITLES AND VOLUME NUMBERS ARE ITALICIZED.MULTIPLE USE OF INTEXT CITATION Readings Davis, R. C., Lurigio, A. J., & Herman, S. (Eds.). (2013). Victims of crime (4th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Chapter 13, “Reaching Underserved Victim Populations: Special Challenges Relating to Homeless Victims, Rural Populations, Ethnic/Racial/Sexual Minorities and Victims with Disabilities” Bailey, A. K., Tolnay, S. E., Beck, E. M., & Laird, J. D. (2011). Targeting lynch victims: Social marginality or status transgressions? American Sociological Review, 76(3), 412–436. Like-Haislip, T. Z., & Warren, P. Y. (2011). Routine inequality: Violent victimization at the intersection of race and ethnicity among females. Violence and Victims, 26(1), 88–102. Maier, S. L. (2008). Rape victim advocates’ perception of the influence of race and ethnicity on victims’ responses to rape. Journal of Ethnicity in Criminal Justice, 6(4), 303–334. Stevenson, M. C., & Bottoms, B. L. (2009). Race shapes perceptions of juvenile offenders in criminal court. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 39(7), 1660–1689. Media Laureate Education, Inc. (Executive Producer). (2012). Interactive community. Baltimore, MD: Author.
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